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Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding was an officer in the Royal Air Force. He served as a fighter pilot and then as commanding officer of No. 16 Squadron during the First World War. During the Second World War, through the summer and autumn of 1940 in the Battle of Britain, Dowding's Fighter Command resisted the attacks of the Luftwaffe. He is generally credited with playing a crucial role in Britain's defence, and hence, the defeat of Adolf Hitler's plan to invade Britain. Dowding was known for his humility and great sincerity. Fighter Command pilots came to characterise Dowding as a leader who cared for his men and had their best interests at heart.